DANK scholarship Thank You!

Dear DANK members of local chapter 48,
Thank you again for giving me the opportunity to present my progress report at the March 2016 DANK membership meeting on behalf of the German School Phoenix.  It was great to see all of you again and speak to you in person about our cause and efforts to continue to grow and improve our school.
We thank you for your financial support and appreciate you taking the time to listen to our plans for the school.  The funds will help support students in their studies of the German language and culture at the German School Phoenix.  In addition, we hope to use some of the money for professional development of our teachers to attend a local conference.
By supporting the German School Phoenix you have chosen to fulfill part of your organization’s educational mission.  Your action will help preserve the German language in the United States and prevent it from being eliminated from many schools, leaving Spanish, French, or Chinese as the only available choices.  By sponsoring the German School Phoenix you are supporting German language studies and promoting the teaching of German culture, arts, music and sciences.
We appreciate the trust you put in the German School Phoenix, its leaders, teachers, staff, and volunteers, and we will honor that trust by putting forward our best effort to fulfill our mission to be the best little German school in the West.
On behalf of everyone at the German School Phoenix,
Thank you,
Dierk Seeburg, M.S., C.L.P.M.
Director, German School Phoenix | http://germanschoolphoenix.org
dierk@germanschoolphoenix.org | tel:+1-928-351-7338
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Teaching the next Generation

Dierk Seeburg was welcomed this week at the MOMS Club Tempe/ Mesa West.  With the start of a new Kindergarten class Fall 2016, Dierk was able to tell local mom’s about the advantages for their kids to speak 2 or 3 languages.  The kids enjoyed coloring German scenes while Mom’s asked questions about the upcoming program.  We look forward to seeing some new students in the fall!!

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The factors that influence the acquisition of a second language

Reprinted with permission from Paul Shoebottom of Frankfurt International School

Introduction

Some students learn a new language more quickly and easily than others. This simple fact is known by all who have themselves learned a second language or taught those who are using their second language in school. Clearly, some language learners are successful by virtue of their sheer determination, hard work and persistence. However there are other crucial factors influencing success that are largely beyond the control of the learner. These factors can be broadly categorized as internal and external. It is their complex interplay that determines the speed and facility with which the new language is learned.

Internal factors

Internal factors are those that the individual language learner brings with him or her to the particular learning situation.

  • Age: Second language acquisition is influenced by the age of the learner. Children, who already have solid literacy skills in their own language, seem to be in the best position to acquire a new language efficiently. Motivated, older learners can be very successful too, but usually struggle to achieve native-speaker-equivalent pronunciation and intonation.
  • Personality: Introverted or anxious learners usually make slower progress, particularly in the development of oral skills. They are less likely to take advantage of opportunities to speak, or to seek out such opportunities. More outgoing students will not worry about the inevitability of making mistakes. They will take risks, and thus will give themselves much more practice.
  • Motivation (intrinsic): Intrinsic motivation has been found to correlate strongly with educational achievement. Clearly, students who enjoy language learning and take pride in their progress will do better than those who don’t.
    Extrinsic motivation is also a significant factor. ESL students, for example, who need to learn English in order to take a place at an American university or to communicate with a new English boy/girlfriend are likely to make greater efforts and thus greater progress.
  • Experiences: Learners who have acquired general knowledge and experience are in a stronger position to develop a new language than those who haven’t. The student, for example, who has already lived in 3 different countries and been exposed to various languages and cultures has a stronger base for learning a further language than the student who hasn’t had such experiences.
  • Cognition: In general, it seems that students with greater cognitive abilities (intelligence) will make the faster progress. Some linguists believe that there is a specific, innate language learning ability that is stronger in some students than in others.
  • Native language: Students who are learning a second language which is from the same language family as their first language have, in general, a much easier task than those who aren’t. So, for example, a Dutch child will learn English more quickly than a Japanese child.

External factors

External factors are those that characterize the particular language learning situation.

  • Curriculum: For ESL students in particular it is important that the totality of their educational experience is appropriate for their needs. Language learning is less likely to place if students are fully submersed into the mainstream program without any extra assistance or, conversely, not allowed to be part of the mainstream until they have reached a certain level of language proficiency.
  • Instruction: Clearly, some language teachers are better than others at providing appropriate and effective learning experiences for the students in their classrooms. These students will make faster progress.
    The same applies to mainstream teachers in second language situations. The science teacher, for example, who is aware that she too is responsible for the students’ English language development, and makes certain accommodations, will contribute to their linguistic development.
  • Culture and status: There is some evidence that students in situations where their own culture has a lower status than that of the culture in which they are learning the language make slower progress.
  • Motivation (extrinsic): Students who are given continuing, appropriate encouragment to learn by their teachers and parents will generally fare better than those who aren’t. For example, students from families that place little importance on language learning are likely to progress less quickly.
  • Access to native speakers: The opportunity to interact with native speakers both within and outside of the classroom is a significant advantage. Native speakers are linguistic models and can provide appropriate feedback. Clearly, second-language learners who have no extensive access to native speakers are likely to make slower progress, particularly in the oral/aural aspects of language acquisition.

The information on this page is based on summaries of research into learner variables (internal factors) in second language acquisition in the following resources:

Lightbown, Patsy M., and Nina Spada. How Languages Are Learned. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. Print.

Macaro, Ernesto. Continuum Companion to Second Language Acquisition. London: Continuum, 2010. Print.

Here is a link to a slideshow on the same topic: Learner Variables in L2 learning